USKOK is the Croatian abbreviation for the Office for the Suppression of Corruption and Organised Crime. The Office is a special state attorney office specialised for the prosecution of corruption and organised crime. Its seat is in Zagreb and it is competent for the entire territory of the Republic of Croatia
USKOK was established in 2001 by the Act on the Office for the Suppression of Corruption and Organised Crime. The Act entered into force on 19 October 2001, and the Office began to work on 3 December 2001.
By proposing the Act on the Office for the Suppression of Corruption and Organized Crime, the Government of the Republic of Croatia wanted to make a radical cut in suppressing corruption by establishing a specialised body. At the same time, the Government wanted to create an efficient body competent for combating organised crime in the entire state, monitoring the occurrence of organised crime and, in cooperation with similar authorities from other states, suppressing transnational organised crime.
USKOK was established because the existing network of state attorney’s offices and their competence in tackling criminal offences of corruption and organised crime was not appropriate. Great danger and extremely harmful effects of such criminal offences for the society required a more efficient solution in the form of the establishment of a specialised body that would, in addition to its repressive function, also ensure preventive activities.
By establishing USKOK, Croatia also fulfilled the obligations assumed by the ratification of Criminal Law Convention on Corruption (Official Gazette-International Agreements 11/00) and the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organised Crime (Official Gazette-International Agreements 14/02 published 13/03) which, in accordance with the Constitution of Republic of Croatia became part of the national legal system in Croatia.